Setuptools - Executing Python Script Post-Install with Distutils/Setuptools

Executing Python Script Post-Install with Distutils/Setuptools

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Setuptools - Executing Python Script Post-Install with Distutils/Setuptools

Python is a highly dynamic and customizable programming language that comes with a variety of tools and libraries to enhance its functionality. One of the most powerful features of Python is its ability to execute scripts post-installation using distutils/setuptools. If you’re a Python developer looking to streamline your development process or make your application more user-friendly, this is an article you don’t want to miss!

Distutils/setuptools is an essential toolset for Python developers who need to distribute their applications to others. This toolset enables you to create installation packages that include all necessary dependencies and files needed to run your application. In addition to the standard packaging capabilities, distutils/setuptools also allows you to execute scripts as part of the installation process.

Using distutils/setuptools to execute Python scripts post-installation offers several benefits. First, it enables developers to automate tedious manual processes that would otherwise have to be done by the end-user. This can save users time and effort and can increase user adoption rates. Additionally, executing scripts post-installation can ensure that your application runs smoothly and correctly by making sure all necessary dependencies are installed and configured correctly.

If you’re interested in learning more about how to execute Python scripts post-installation using distutils/setuptools, then you’ve come to the right place. In this article, we’ll walk you through the whole process step-by-step, giving you all the information you need to get started. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced Python developer, you’re sure to find useful tips and tricks in this informative guide. So what are you waiting for? Let’s get started!

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“Execute A Python Script Post Install Using Distutils / Setuptools” ~ bbaz


Python is a popular programming language with several libraries and modules used for web development, data analysis, machine learning, artificial intelligence, among other applications. One essential step in developing or deploying Python scripts and applications is to execute them post-installation. In this comparison blog article, we will explore two tools used for executing Python scripts post-installations: Distutils and Setuptools.

What are Distutils?

Distutils is an in-built module in Python standard library providing a framework for building and sharing Python modules and packages. It provides utilities for packaging and distributing Python code and installing third-party libraries required to execute a Python script, module, or package.

Disadvantages of Distutils

Although Distutils comes with Python, it has some limitations, such as;

  • It only supports basic distributions without advanced features like dependencies management and plugins
  • It does not support custom installation scripts beyond the file included in the package to be installed.
  • It does not support binary distributions, making distribution across various platforms labour-intensive.

What are Setuptools?

Setuptools is an enhancement of Distutils and provides additional functionality for building and distributing Python packages. It is widely used and preferred by developers over Distutils due to its advanced features, flexibility, and ease of use.

The Advantages of Setuptools

Setuptools offer several advantages over Distutils, including;

  • It can automatically generate installation scripts that include third-party dependencies and custom runtime configurations. This feature saves time and reduces the possibility of errors during installation.
  • It supports binary distributions, enabling faster and more efficient distribution of packages across different operating systems.
  • It allows custom installation scripts through entry points and pluggable installations. This feature enables developers to automate the configuration and setup of packages and modules during installation.

Comparison Table between Distutils and Setuptools

Features Distutils Setuptools
Dependencies Management Basic support Advanced support (including auto-generation)
Binary Distributions No support Supported
Custom Installation Scripts script in file only Supports entry points and plugins
Community Support In-built with Python Widely used and supported by the community


Distutils and Setuptools both provide functionality for executing Python scripts post-installation. Nevertheless, Setuptools provide more features, are more flexible, and have a community that extensively supports them. Therefore, I recommend using Setuptools for any project requiring these functionalities. Remember, execution of Python scripts post-installation is essential for packaging and distributing your code and automating custom runtime configurations.

Thank you for taking the time to read our blog about executing Python script post-install with Distutils/Setuptools. We hope that you found this information useful and informative as you work to create efficient and functional Python applications. The process of executing post-install scripts may seem overwhelming at first, but with the right tools and a bit of practice, you can streamline your workflows and save valuable time in the development process.

At its core, executing a Python script post-install involves creating a file, which defines how your package should be installed and configured. By using Distutils or Setuptools, you can automate many of the steps involved in this process, including copying files to the correct location and running setup functions that set up any necessary environment variables or configurations. This not only saves time and effort on your part, but also ensures that your package is installed consistently and correctly across different systems.

In conclusion, we encourage you to explore the world of post-install execution with Distutils and Setuptools. By mastering these tools, you can unlock new levels of functionality and efficiency in your Python projects, and take your programming skills to the next level. Thanks again for reading, and we wish you all the best in your Python development endeavors!

Here are some common questions that people may ask about executing Python script post-install with Distutils/Setuptools:

  1. What is Distutils/Setuptools?

    Distutils/Setuptools is a package management system in Python that allows you to easily distribute and install Python packages and modules.

  2. How do I execute a Python script post-install with Distutils/Setuptools?

    You can use the entry_points feature in your file to specify the command that should be executed after installation. For example:

    • Include this line in your file: entry_points={'console_scripts': ['my_script = my_package.my_module:my_function']}
    • Replace my_script, my_package, my_module, and my_function with the appropriate values for your project.
    • After installation, the user can run the script by typing my_script in their terminal.
  3. Can I execute multiple scripts post-install?

    Yes, you can include multiple entries in the entry_points dictionary to specify multiple scripts or commands to be executed post-install.

  4. What if I want to execute a script during installation?

    You can use the install command in your file to execute a script during installation. For example:

    • Include this line in your file: cmdclass={'install': MyInstallCommand}
    • Create a new class called MyInstallCommand that inherits from distutils.command.install and overrides the run method to execute your script.
    • After installation, the user can run the script by typing python install in their terminal.
  5. Can I execute a script post-install on Windows?

    Yes, you can use the same entry_points feature in your file to specify the command to be executed post-install. However, the user will need to run the script using the python command in their Command Prompt or PowerShell.