th 528 - Performing SQL Query on Pandas Dataset: A Step-by-Step Guide

Performing SQL Query on Pandas Dataset: A Step-by-Step Guide

Posted on
th?q=Executing An Sql Query Over A Pandas Dataset - Performing SQL Query on Pandas Dataset: A Step-by-Step Guide

Handling large amounts of data is a major challenge faced by professionals in various fields. Thanks to the Pandas library, analysts and data scientists can easily analyze, manipulate, and visualize datasets with Python. One of the essential features of Pandas is its ability to perform SQL queries on datasets. Whether you’re working with big data, E-commerce data or CRM data, SQL-like queries in Pandas let you easily filter, sort, and aggregate your data with ease.

If you’re new to performing SQL queries on Pandas dataset, this step-by-step guide will take you through everything you need to know. We’ll start with basics like installing and importing Pandas library, as well as loading and viewing data in Pandas. We’ll then explain how to use SQL queries on Pandas dataset to help you filter out and group the specific data you need. You will also learn how to return query results into a new DataFrame, and perform string operations on columns using the LIKE operator.

Whether you’re looking to perform complex queries, or simply learn how to manipulate data frames in Pandas, this article will be an essential read. With our straightforward guide and tips, you can easily use SQL queries on Pandas dataset to streamline your data analysis and better understand your data. So, if you’re ready to take your data analysis skills to the next level, keep reading!

th?q=Executing%20An%20Sql%20Query%20Over%20A%20Pandas%20Dataset - Performing SQL Query on Pandas Dataset: A Step-by-Step Guide
“Executing An Sql Query Over A Pandas Dataset” ~ bbaz


Data analysis has become an essential part of business intelligence in this era of big data. Collecting and analyzing large amounts of data have a huge impact on the success or failure of any project. When it comes to analyzing data, SQL is one of the most popular languages used because of its simplicity and efficiency. However, Pandas has been gaining immense popularity for data manipulation and analysis. In this blog post, we will compare SQL and Pandas and demonstrate how to perform SQL queries on Pandas dataset, step by step.

What is SQL?

Structured Query Language (SQL) is a programming language designed to manage relational databases. SQL can perform various operations on data such as insertion, deletion, creation, updating and reading, commonly known as CRUD. SQL is essential when it comes to extracting insights and discovering patterns from structured data.

What is Pandas?

Pandas is a powerful open-source data manipulation library that provides data structures for effective data analysis in Python. It is built on top of NumPy and offers a fast and efficient way to manage and manipulate data. Pandas provides a convenient way of handling messy data, making it easier for data analysts and scientists to explore, transform and analyze data with minimal coding.

Similarities between SQL and Pandas

SQL and Pandas share many similarities as they are both designed for data manipulation and analysis. Here are some similarities:

Feature SQL Pandas
Select SELECT * FROM table_name df = pd.read_csv(‘file.csv’)
Group By SELECT column_name, COUNT(*) FROM table_name GROUP BY column_name; df.groupby(‘column_name’).count()
Where clause SELECT * FROM table_name WHERE column_name = ‘value’ df[df[‘column_name’] == ‘value’]
Order By SELECT * FROM table_name ORDER BY column_name df.sort_values(‘column_name’)

Differences between SQL and Pandas

Even though SQL and Pandas share similarities, there are some differences in syntax and usage. Here are some differences:

Aggregation Functions

SQL provides several built-in aggregation functions like SUM, AVG, MAX, MIN, and COUNT. On the other hand, Pandas provides similar and more versatile methods like mean(), max() and min(), count() and sum().


Joins is a fundamental way to manipulate relational databases; SQL is widely used because of its ability to join tables seamlessly. However, in Pandas, joining datasets is made easy through the merge() function that combines two or more dataframes based on specified keys/columns.


SQL does not provide indexing, but it has a unique primary key that identifies each row in a table uniquely. In contrast, Pandas indexing delivers an efficient way of accessing and manipulating data. It has a default index and can also support multiple indices through the set_index function. Also, indexing in Pandas allows for sorting or rearranging data as required.

Performing SQL queries on a Pandas DataFrame

We will demonstrate how to carry out SQL commands on a Pandas dataframe using SQLite. SQLite is a lightweight database that stores and manages its data in a single file. It is easy to install and can run on all major operating systems.

Installing SQLite

To install SQLite on a Windows or Linux operating system, download the appropriate version from the official download page. Alternatively, you can install SQLite via pip by running the following command:

  !pip install sqlite3

Creating a sample dataframe

To perform SQL queries on a Pandas dataframe, we need to first create a sample dataframe to work with. The following code shows how to create a sample dataframe:

  import pandas as pd  df = pd.DataFrame({'Name': ['Mike', 'Jane', 'Doe', 'John'],                    'Age': [32, 23, 36, 41],                    'Country': ['USA', 'Canada', 'Nigeria', 'Mexico'],                    'Salary': [80000, 85000, 69000, 72000]})

Loading Data into SQLite

The next step is to load the data into SQLite. We begin by establishing a connection to SQLite:

  import sqlite3  conn = sqlite3.connect('test.db')  c = conn.cursor()

We are now ready to load our Pandas dataframe into SQLite:

  df.to_sql('employees', conn, if_exists='replace')

Selecting Rows and Columns with SQL

Here is an example of how to select rows with the Age column greater than 30:

  c.execute(SELECT * FROM employees WHERE Age > 30)  rows = c.fetchall()  for row in rows:       print(row)

To select specific columns from our dataset:

  c.execute(SELECT Name, Country FROM employees)  result = c.fetchall()    for row in result:      print(row)

Selecting Rows and Columns with Pandas

To perform the SQL equivalent of selecting all rows:


Performing SQL equivalent of selecting where Age is greater than 30:

  df[df['Age'] > 30]

To select specific columns:

  df[['Name', 'Country']]


In this blog post, we have compared SQL and Pandas, highlighting their similarities and differences. We have also demonstrated how to perform SQL queries on a Pandas dataset using SQLite. While SQL remains the traditional language for querying databases, Pandas outshines in data exploration and manipulation. Combining SQL to extract relevant data and Pandas for data manipulation provides a powerful solution for discovering insights from structured data.

We hope this step-by-step guide on performing SQL queries on Pandas datasets has been helpful to you. As you can see, the Pandas library provides an efficient and intuitive way to manipulate datasets using SQL-like syntax. With its powerful data analysis tools, Pandas is quickly becoming a popular choice among data scientists and analysts alike.

By understanding the basics of SQL queries on Pandas datasets, you’ll be able to transform and analyze your data more effectively. Whether you’re working with large or small datasets, mastering these skills will give you the ability to extract meaningful insights that can drive your business forward.

So what are you waiting for? Start experimenting with these techniques on your own datasets and see how they can take your data analysis to the next level. And don’t forget to check out our other articles for more tips and tricks on using Python and other programming languages to solve real-world problems.

Below are some of the frequently asked questions about performing SQL query on Pandas dataset:

  1. What is Pandas?

    Pandas is a Python library used for data manipulation and analysis. It provides data structures and functions to work with structured data seamlessly.

  2. Why do we need to perform SQL queries on Pandas dataset?

    Performing SQL queries on Pandas dataset can provide a familiar and efficient way of manipulating and analyzing data for those who are already familiar with SQL. It also provides a way to handle large datasets that cannot be loaded into memory at once.

  3. How to perform SQL queries on Pandas dataset?

    The process involves converting the Pandas dataframe into a temporary SQL table using SQLite3 or other databases. Then, SQL queries can be performed on this table using SQL syntax. Finally, the results can be converted back into a Pandas dataframe.

  4. What are the benefits of using SQL queries on Pandas dataset?

    Using SQL queries on Pandas dataset provides a powerful and flexible way to manipulate and analyze data. It allows for complex queries to be performed efficiently, providing quick insights into large datasets. It also provides a way to combine data from multiple sources using SQL joins.

  5. Are there any limitations to using SQL queries on Pandas dataset?

    One limitation is the additional overhead of converting the Pandas dataframe to a temporary SQL table and then back to a Pandas dataframe. This can result in slower performance compared to directly manipulating the Pandas dataframe. Additionally, not all SQL syntax may be supported by the chosen database engine.